Commanding officer: Major Harvey Bingham
In 1863 the militia system was changed into that of a Home Guard system. Watauga Co. had two companies of Home Guard. Major Harvey Bingham had resigned from the 37th North Carolina Regiment due to illness. Company A was commanded by Jordan Cook, also of the 37th North Carolina and company B by George McGuire. An estimated 250 men served in these companies. The unit was involved in 1864 and 1865 in a large number of skirmishes. In an attack in 1864 by Union bushwackers Eliot Bingham, the commanders brother, was killed. The unit consisted of at times of three companies from Ashe and Watauga Counties in northwestern North Carolina. The unit operated as partisans during most of the war. On occasion it raided Unionist areas in East Tennessee.
The Home Guards stationed at camp were captured in February, 1865, by Unionists. 60 men were paroled and allowed to return home. During Stoneman’s Raid Company A under Captain Cook was attacked at Boone.