Commanding officer: Lt. Colonel Hugh K. Aiken
The 16th South Carolina Cavalry Battalion, Partisan Rangers was organized with seven companies in 1862. It was increased to a regiment and designated as the 6th Cavalry Regiment on January 19, 1863. Lt. Colonel Aiken became colonel of the 6th South Carolina Cavalry Regiment.
All its battles were fought as the 6th SC Cavalry. The 16th SC Cavalry Battalion was assigned to the 2nd Military District of South Carolina, Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida (September 1862- January 1863).