This organization, authorized by an act of the Virginia General assembly in March, 1862, with nine companies was later consolidated with the 3rd Virginia State Line. Some companies were already in operation. The companies were to operate behind Federal lines. The area of operation was on the northern, western and northwestern frontier of Virginia.
Each company was to have 75 men. Battalions and regiments were authorized, but never formed.
Among the companies was Captain George Downs’ also known as the Moccasin Rangers. It was organized in Calhoun County in July, 1861, already. The company was later transferred to the Virginia Stat Line and later Company A, 19th Virginia Cavalry. Downs’ through the irregular activities of the company angered Confederate General Henry Heth to the extent that Heth called it “an outlaw band”.
Downs’ Company held several factions. One was led by Perry Connolly and the other by Jach Tuning (possibly Chewning, see unit underneath).
Virginia State Line
Commanding officer: Major General John B. Floyd
Colonel Richard Carlton Walter Radford
Major Isaac H. Carrington, General Staff
Captain Thomas E.Davis, Adjutant
(and others including aids, surgeons etc.)
General Floyd was born 1806 in Montgomery County, Virginia. Secretary of War under President Buchanan 1857 – 1860. Passing away in 1863 he is buried at Sinking Springs Presbytarian Church Cemetery, Washington County.
Commanding officer: Colonel Richard Carlton Walter Radford
Lt. Colonel Henry M. Beckley
Major James A. Nighbert
Counties: Wayne, Logan, Boone, Cabell, Wyoming, in the Commonwealth of Virginia and West Virginia
Commanding officer: Colonel William Elisha Peters
Lt.Colonel James Harrison
Major Martin Van Buren Ball
Counties: Russell, Dickensen (formed 1880 from Wise, Buchanan and Russell Counties), Pike (Kentucky), Wyoming, Wayne, Cabell, Logan, Boone in the state of Virginia.
Organized before December 1862 and comprised both infantry and cavalry.
In January 1863 the regiment was stationed in Saltville. Some of the men later served in the 21st Virginia Cavalry.
Commanding officer: Colonel John N. Clarkson
Lt.Colonel Thomas B. Swann
Major Peachy G. Breckinridge
Companies: 9 (cavalry and infantry)
Counties: Calhoun,Gilner, Webster, Braxton,Jackson, Harrison, Ritchie, Taylor, Pocahontas, Preston, Wirt, Roane and Lewis County, the Commonwealth of Virginia and West Virginia.
Most of the men of the 3rd Regiment later served
in the 19th Virginia Cavalry.
Commanding officer: Colonel Nathaniel M. Menifee
Lt.Colonel William A. Jackson
Lt.Colonel William Winston
Lt.Colonel/Colonel David S. Hounshell
Major John T. Raadford
Companies: 10 (infantry and cavalry)
Counties: Logan, Grayson (Virginia), Ashe and Alleghany (North Carolina), Wise, Carroll (Virginia), Kanawha, Cabell, Stokes (North Carolina), Patrick (Virginia), Floyd (Virginia), Scott (Virginia) Counties.
Largely raised by Col. Menifee as an independent command to operate in East Kentucky.
Commanding officer: Lt.Colonel David S. Hounshell
Lt. Colonel David Edmundson
Major C.H. Preston
Companies: 8 (infantry, cavalry, field artillery)
Counties: Logan, Pike (Kentucky), Dickensen, Tazewell, Botetourt Counties.
The regiment camped for some time in the vicinity of Wytheville but in late 1862 moved to Abb’s Valley in Tazewell County. When the Confederate conscription law came to include Virginia the regiment was dissolved and many joined Menifee’s unit.
Commanding officer: William W. Fontaine
Companies: 2 (known)
Col.Fontaine after the war lived in Kentucky and was on the editorial board of the “Southern Bivouac” published by Basil Duke.
The men were recruited in Pocahontas County in January – February 1863.
The Virginia State Line in all probably had around 4,600 men in service.